Archive for March, 2013

More Americans are opting for Cosmetic Surgery

| March 7, 2013 | 0 Comments

A recent study has shown that more and more Americans are opting for cosmetic surgery. Even though people are struggling with increasing health care and gas prices, most people living in Philadelphia don’t mind paying extra for cosmetic surgery. The number of people doing Cosmetic surgery in Philadelphia rose by more than 5 percent in 2011 to 2012.

This is the third consecutive year that overall growth in cosmetic surgery in Philadelphia continues to driven by sharp increase in minimally invasive procedures. However, growth of surgical procedures continues to remain stable. Some minimally invasive procedures that are popular in Philadelphia include chemical peels, Botox and laser hair removal.

Surgical procedures like liposuction are not as popular as Botox in Philadelphia because people have less discretionary income for surgical procedures. Another reason why people avoid Liposuction in Philadelphia is because cosmetic surgery is not covered under a normal health insurance policy

Philadelphia is not the only city that has witnessed a sharp increase in cosmetic plastic surgery procedures. Last year more than 15 million cosmetic surgery procedures were performed in America which is an increase of more than 5 percent from last year. The top minimally invasive procedures that were done in US include soft tissue fillers, botulinum toxin, laser hair removal, chemical peel and microdermabrasion. Even though the number of people undergoing cosmetic surgical procedures decreased by 2 percent certain surgical procedures male breast reduction and breast augmentation continued to increase.

Reconstructive plastic surgery that is performed to improve the function and appearance of abnormal structures like scars was up by 1 percent last year. The top reconstructive surgery that was performed in America was tumor removal. Most health insurance providers cover reconstructive surgery but the level of coverage may vary. If you are depending on your insurance policy to cover the expenses of cosmetic surgery, make sure you read the terms of the policy.

However, if you are planning undergo a cosmetic surgery; you must understand the risk associated with the surgery. Each surgery has its own risk and getting a plastic surgery without understanding the risk associated with the surgery can be life threatening. For example, of the risk of breast augmentation is rupturing or hardening of breast implants. So it is the duty of the surgeon to inform the patients about the risk associated with the surgery so their patients can take informed decisions.

Reasons for brown discharge during periods

| March 5, 2013 | 0 Comments

Most women who have brown discharge during periods panic because they believe that they are suffering from a major problem. They think about worst conditions and problems and usually visit their doctor to check if they are suffering from a major ailment. Even though visiting your doctor is not a bad idea, it is important that you analyse the condition of your body and lifestyle before you get professional help. Analysing your condition will help you in determining when the condition is safe and when you should visit your doctor.

Under Normal Circumstances

In most cases, women have brown discharge because their periods are late. When the periods are delayed, the old uterine lining is expelled by the body. In normal circumstances, women may experience brown discharge for up to 3 days and then they have their normal periods. If the brown discharge does not stop in 3 days, it is best to consult your doctor.

So why do you have brown discharge under normal circumstances?

Women must understand that vaginal canal is self-cleaning system that automatically expels dead cells from the body. At times, dead cells and lining are not completely eliminated from the body and they can reside in the uterus for about 30 days. Since the dead cells are not eliminated from the body, they are eliminated from the body as brown discharge before the next periods.

Some other common causes for brown discharge

There are a few other common causes for brown discharge. Some of the other causes are:


Most women experience brown discharge several years before menopause. During this stage which is known as peri-menopause, the reproductive system of women slows down and they start producing less estrogen. Some of the symptoms of peri-menopause include night sweats, vaginal dryness, sleep disruptions, hot flashes and mood swings.

Hormonal Imbalance

In about one-third of cases, hormonal imbalance is considered as one of the causes for brown discharge instead of normal periods. You can experience hormonal imbalance during Hyperprolactinemia, Polycystic Ovarian Diseases and Ovarian Premature Failure.

Implantation Haemorrhaging

When the egg is fertilized, the fertilized zygote and ovum travel to the womb via the Fallopian tubes. The fertilized zygote becomes a large embryo during this period and burrows into the uterus coating. This could lead to brown discharge instead of periods.

Birth Control Pills

Millions of women all over the world use contraceptive pills. These pills are artificial form of progesterone which prevents women from becoming pregnant. These pills work by preventing the body from releasing the egg thereby eliminating the possibility of women becoming pregnant. These pills are also responsible for making changes in cervical mucus and lining which can lead to brown discharge.

Severe Health Problem

Some extreme health conditions that can lead to brown discharge include:

  • Syphilis
  • Cervical Pain
  • Gonorrhea
  • Pelvic Inflammatory condition
  • Chlamydia

Since the symptoms of each of these problems are different, it is best that you consult your doctor to find out the cause of the problem. Some of the signs of serious problem include:

  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Distress during sex
  • Vaginal dry skin

What can you do to prevent brown discharge?

If the brown discharge is due to normal changes in the body, you cannot do anything. However, if the discharge is triggered by an infection, you can prevent the condition by keeping the area clean, having safe sexual life and consulting your physician.

However, if you are experiencing itching, burning sensation, vaginal dryness and cramps, you must consult your doctor immediately.